MEDIUMWAVE.DE

Medium and Long Wave Frequencies in Central Europe

photo by Peer-Axel Kroeske.

Surf the AM dial !

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Medium Wave Survey for Central Europe

KHz / Status / Country / Programme / Power kW (effective ERP) / next city near transmitter / audio bandwidth / Programme type and remarks 531 Alg Jil FM 600 Ain El Beida, ne 5.3/9.3 NB yth, n 300 kW Far Kringvarp Foroeya 25 Akraberg 4.5 NB Spa RNE R.Nacional 6 4 tx 7.5- NB, daytime : RNE5 with 2x25 +2x20 kW 540 Hng Kossuth Radio 2000 Solt, c 4.8 NB *Spa Onda Cero Catalunia 50 Barcelona, ne Com *Mrc Al Idaa Al-Watania 300 Sidi Bennour, c NB *Kwt Radio Kuwait 600 Kabd NB 549 Ukr Persha Program UR1 720 Mykolayev, e NB Svn Radio Koper 15 Beli Kriz PB Alg Jil FM 300 Sidi Hamadouche, nw NB 558 Rom Radio Craiova 400 Craiova, wc PB Loc, + R.Rom.Cultural (NB) Spa RNE R.Nacional 50 San Sebastian, n 9.5 Svn Muravideki Magyar R. 10 Maribor, e 5.5 PB min Irn IRIB R.Farhan 1000 Gheslag, nw NB, 558.045 KHz &Gbr Spectrum R. Int. 0.8 London, se Com Asian 567 Rom Romania Aktualit. 50 Brasov 9.5 NB Spa RNE R.5 55 Murcia, Marbella NB 576 Bul Horizont 200 Vidin, nw NB, will cease soon Spa RNE R.5 100 Barcelona, e NB, echo by parallel wtx on Canary Isl. 585 Spa RNE R.Nacional 600 Madrid, c 10.0 NB info Irn Radio Qaran 600 Teheran, n 13.0 NB Tun R.Nationale Tunis. 200 Gafsa, w NB Gbr BBC Radio Scotland 2 Dumfries, nwSco PB, also R.Solway (Loc) 594 Sau BSKSA Al-Aam 2000 Duba, nw NB, only morning hours 595 Mrc Al Idaa Al-Watania 50 Oujda, e NB 603 Rom R.RomaniaActualitati100 4 tx 13.0/9.0 NB info min, echo (not simulcasting) &Gbr BBC Radio 4 (LW) 0.5 Newcastle, neEng NB aff &Gbr Smooth Radio 0.1 Maidstone, se Loc Com 612 Bos R.Bosnie i Herceg.1 100 Sarajevo, c NB, listed 600 kW Spa RNE R.Nacional 20 2 tx NB Mrc SNRT Arabic 140 Meknes, c NB 621 Bel RTBF 1 300 Bruxelles, c 5.0 NB for Valony (French language) Mda Voice of Russia 1000 Maiac FS in Greek a.o. Spa RNE R.Nacional 70 Palma + 2 tx NB echoes Egy Voice of the Arabs 500 Alexandria, ne 14.0 NB 630 Tun RTT Arabic 300 Tunis, n NB Rom R.Timisoara / mn 400 Timisoara, w 9.3 NB, also "Maghiar German" Hungarian and German 639 Cze Dvojka 100 Praha, c / Ostrava, e 5.7 NB cul, nominally Praha 1500 kW, 2 x 50 kW estimated Spa RNE R.Nacional 300 La Coruna, nw + 5 tx 9.5 NB info 648 Svn Radio Murski Val 10 Murska Sobota 5.3 PB in Hungarian, also Slowenja 1 657 Ita RAI Radio Uno 100 Pisa, n 8.0 NB Spa RNE R.5 20 Madrid, c 9.5 PB Irn Radio Gilan 100 Gilan, nw 4.5 PB 666 Spa SER 50 Barcelona, e Com Gbr BBC R.North Yorkshire 0.5 Fulford, e Loc Irn Radio Iran 50 Shusta, nw NB 675 Qat Radio Qatar 600 Doha 4.5 NB 677 Lby Sawt ulLibya al-Hur.100 Benghazi, ne NB, currently 677.5 KHz 684 Spa RNE R.Nacional 600 Sevilla, s NB info Tun R.Nationale Tunis. 50 Medenin, c NB Rus R.Radonesh 10 St.Petersburg, nw 12.0 NB stronger? 693 Gbr BBC 5 Live 291 11 tx 6.4 NB talk Ita RAI Radio Uno 20 Potenza, c NB 702 Svk Radio Devin 5 Kosice, e NB Oma BBC WS 800 A'Seela FS arabic *Sau Radio Jeddah 100 Duba NB 711 Rum R.RomaniaActualitati 50 Sighet, ne 9.0 NB &Irn Radio Ahwaz 200 Ahwaz, sw PB 720 Gbr BBC Radio 4 (LW) 11 3 tx 9.0 NB aff Rom R.Rom.Actualitati 35 3 tx NB mix, echoes 729 Spa RNE R.Nacional 195 6 tx 9.0 NB info Gbr BBC Radio Essex 0.2 Manningtree, seEng PB Loc Grc ERA 1 10? Athens, c NB, probably reduced power 738 Spa RNE R.Nacional 100 Barcelona, ne 9.5/5.8 NB info, reduced power estimated, nominal 600 KW Rus World Radio Network 5 Moscow 10.5 various FS 747 Irn Radio Iran 250 2 tx NB Spa RNE Radio 5 10 Cadiz, s NB 756 Rom R.Rom.Actualitati 400 Sibiu, s 5.0 NB *Gbr BBC Radio 4 2 Redruth, swEng NB 765 Ukr Radio Mayak (Ukr) 40 Petrivka, s Com Gbr BBC Essex 0.5 Chelmsford, se Loc Sau Al-Quran 20 Qurayyat, nw NB 774 Spa RNE R.Nacional 265 7 tx 10.0/5.0 NB info Egy Al Sharq 500 Abis NB &Gbr BBC R.Kent/5live 0.7 Littlebourne, se Loc / NB &Gbr BBC R.Leeds/Asian Net 0.5 Farnley, cEng Loc / PB &Gbr BBC Radio 4 2 2 tx NB 783 Syr As-Suriyyah 1 600 Tartus, w 6.5 NB 1st arab, irregular Spa COPE 50 Barcelona, ne 7.0 Com 792 Cze Radio Dechovka 5 Hradec Kralove, n Com nat oldies Spa SER 20 Sevilla, s Com info Gbr Smooth Radio 0.3 Kempstone, cEng Com pop &Gbr BBC R.Foyle/ BBCWS 1 Londonderry, NIrl PB/FS, daytime: BBC Radio Foyle &Irn Radio Zanjan 50 Zanjan, nw PB, 791.9 KHz 801 Spa RNE R.Nacional 55 4 tx NB Gbr BBC Radio Devon 2 Barnstaple, swEng PB Loc 810 Gbr BBC Radio Scotland 205 3 tx 6.5 PB mix Scotland Mac Radio Skopje 300 Skopje, c 6.5 NB, probably reduced power 819 Egy Al-Barna 1000 Alexandria, n 6.0 NB weak modulation 828 Rus Radiogazeta Slovo 10 St.Petersburg, nw 10.0 Loc "patriotic" Gbr Smooth Radio 0.5 Bournemouth / Luton, Eng Com old Spa Hit FM 5 Barcelona, ne Com 837 Ukr Persha Program UR1 130 Taraniv / Cherniv 9.0 NB Spa COPE 57 Burgos / Sevilla + 2 tx Loc, echoes Gbr BBC Radio Cumbria 1 Barrow, nwEng Loc Gbr BBC Asian Network 0.7 Leicester, wEng PB min Irn Radio Esfahan 400 Esfahan, c PB 846 Irl Radio North 1 Donegal, n 4.5 Com, Country music/rel 855 Rom R.RomaniaActualitati250 Bucarest 9.5 NB mix Spa RNE R.Nacional 440 Murcia + 9tx 7.5 NB info "Radio Nacional de Espana" &Gbr BBC R.Norfolk 1.5 Norwich, e Loc 864 Egy Al-Qaran 500 Santah, n 5.5 NB rel 873 Hng MR4 Nemzetisegi 40 Budapest,c / Pecs,s NB min Mda R.Moldova Actualid. 75 Chisinau, c NB Spa SER 25 Zaragoza, ne 5.5 Com info Gbr BBC R.Ulster 1 Enniskillen, NIr PB 882 Gbr BBC Radio Wales 100 Cardiff, sWal 6.5 PB mix for Wales &Spa COM Radio 10 Barcelona, ne Com "Catalunya Ona Municipal" 891 Alg (test tone) 100 Algiers, n Tur TRT Radio 1 100 Antalya, sw NB, 04-08 UTC 900 Ita RAI Radio Uno 79 Milano, n 4.8 NB mix "Radiouno", frequency reference &Sau Radio Riyadh 1000 Qurayyat NB 909 Gbr BBC 5 Live 466 11 tx 4.7 NB talk Rom Radio Cluj 200 Cluj, ne 7.0/4.7 PB, lso R.Bukarest, SRR Kolozsvari Rom R.RomaniaActualitati 50 Timisoara, nw NB 918 Syr As-Suriyyah 1 600 Al Hasakah, ne NB Spa R. Intercontinental 50 Madrid, c Com 936 Ita RAI Radio 1 5 Venezia, nw 9.5 NB / Loc Veneto Spa RNE Radio 5 45 Valladolid, c / Zaragoza,ne NB Gbr Dales Radio 1 Hawes, nEng Com Loc (nominal 150 W) Irn R.Markaze Azerbaij. 300 Miandoab, nw PB 945 Gbr Smooth Radio 2 Eastbourne, sEng Com old 700W listed Rom R.Romania Actualidad 14 Miercuria Ciuc, c NB 954 Cze Dvojka 273 Brno + 3 tx 6.5 NB cul, short delays *Spa Onda Cero 50 Madrid, c Com News &Qua Qatar Al Doha 1500 Al Arish NB main progr. 963 Tun R.Tunis Int. 100 Jedeida, n 7.0 FS Gbr Sunrise Radio 1 East London Com Asian 972 Gbr Sunrise Radio 1 London 6.5 Com Asian &Irn Radio Ilam 100 Ilam, w PB 981 Cze Radio Czesky Impuls 10 Praha, c 5.2 Com Alg Chaine 2 Thakafiyah 600 Alger, c 4.8 NB in Berber, n: 300 kW Ita RAI R.Filo/Trieste 10 Trieste, n NB / Loc in Slowenian 990 Spa SER Radio Bilbao 15 Bilbao, n / Radio Cadiz,s Com info Gbr BBC Radio 5 live 1 Tywyn NB talk Gbr BBC R.Devon/5live 1 Exeter,sw Loc / NB Gbr Magic AM 0.2 Doncaster, eEng Com old 999 Mda Voice of Russia 300 Grigoriopol, e 5.5 FS, also BBC and Deutsche Welle and Radio Pridnistroya Ita RAI Radio 1 50 Torino, nw 9.0 NB Spa COPE R.Pop.Madrid 50 Madrid, c 9.0 Com info "Radio Popular de Madrid" &Gbr BBC Solent/5live/WS 1 Southampton, s Loc / NB 1008 Ned Grootnieuws Radio 200 Flevoland, c 6.5 Com rlg 1017 Spa RNE Radio 5 20 Granada / Burgos NB Gbr Free Radio 80s 0.6 Shrewsbury, wEng Com 1026 Irn Radio Tabriz 200 Tabriz, nw PB Gbr Downtown Radio 1.7 Belfast 8.0 Com Loc Gbr BBC Loc /BBC5 live 2 Jersey, s / Cambridge, se Loc / NB Spa SER 24 Reus + 5 tx 9.0 Com Loc 1035 Est Radio Eli 200 Tartu, c 4.5 Com Rel in Russian &Gbr North Sound 2 0.8 Aberdeen, Sco Com &Gbr Lyca Dilse Radio 3 London 6.3 Com Asian &Gbr BBC R.Sheffield 1 Sheffield, cEng Loc, also Asian Network 1044 Spa SER 15 San Sebastian,n / Valladol. 9.0 Com Loc 1053 Gbr Talk Sport 950 12 tx 5.5 Com talk, echoes Rom R.Iasi/Rom.Actual. 1000 Iasi PB, also R.Moldava (20-21) 1062 Ita RAI Radio 1 86 3 tx 5.5 NB, delays Cze Country Radio 10 Praha 5.7 Com Country, night 1 kW 1071 Cze CrO Plus 10 2 tx NB Ind All India Radio GOS 870 Rajkot, nw 4.3 NB Irn Radio Ma'aref 100 Qom, c PB Gbr Talk Sport 2.5 Newcastle + 2 tx Com talk 1080 Spa SER 20 5 tx 9.0 Loc: Granada, Palma, La Coruna, Huesca *Spa Onda Cero R.Toledo 5 Toledo, c Loc *Irn IRIB Arabic R. 750 Abadan, sw FS, //sat 13E 12437H A87 left channel *Isr Reshet Dal 100 Tel Aviv, nw 5.0 NB in Arabic 1089 Gbr Talk Sport 314 7 tx 5.5 NB talk, echoes 1098 Svk Radio Devin 10 Nitra, w 5.5 NB, power guessed *Spa RNE 5 30 5 tx NB/Loc 1107 Spa RNE Radio 5 95 5 tx 7.5 NB / Loc Gbr Talk Sport 6.5 6 tx Com talk Gbr MFR 2 2 Inverness, nSco 6.5 Com 1116 Hng Danko Radio 17 Miskolc, ne / Mosonm.,nw 4.8 NB Ita RAI Radio 1 10 Palermo, s 9.3 NB Spa SER 5 3 tx Com R.Albacete / R.Pontevedra / R.Tarrasa Gbr BBC R.Derby / 5live 1.2 Derby, w Loc / NB 1125 Bel VivaCité (RTBF) 20 Charleroi, sc 4.7 NB pop Spa RNE R.5 52 5 tx 7.5 NB 1134 Spa COPE 30 5 tx 10.0 Com news/loc, echoes Kwt Radio Kuwait 100 Kabd NB 1143 Spa COPE 10 Ourense, nw / Jaen, s Com info 1152 Rom R.Rom.Aktualitati 950 Cluj, w / Kupavna 9.3 NB, mix &Gbr LBC 23 London Com Loc &Gbr Smooth Radio 1.1 Norwich, se / Plymouth, s Com Loc &Gbr Metroradio 2 2 Newcastle, ne Com Greatest Hits Network &Gbr Free Radio 80s 3 Birmingham, w Com 1161 Gbr Smooth Radio 2 Blunsdon, cEng Com, listed 160W Gbr Viking 2 0.4 Hull, e Com Gbr Tay Am 1 Dundee, eSco Com Irn IRIB World Service 300 Qasr, w FS arab 1170 Cro Radio Capodistria 15 Rijeka, w 4.8 PB mix in Italian, also R.Slowenija &Gbr Smooth Radio 0.4 Ipswich / Portsmouth 6.5 Com &Gbr TFM 2 0.3 Stockton, neEng 6.5 Com Loc, also Swansea Sound / Signal 2 from other transmitters 1179 Rom R.RomaniaActualitati207 Bacau, e / Vascau 5.0 NB mix Spa SER 50 Valencia, e 9.5 Com 1188:Hng MR 4 Nemzetiseg 150 Marcali 5.0 min, only daytime Irn Radio Payam 300 Teheran, n PB 1197 Gbr Absolute Radio 6 9 tx 6.7 Com rock Rom R.Cluj/R.Neumarkt 14 Brasov PB min 1206*Isr KAN Bet 50 Haifa, w NB Ita new station 1 1215 Gbr Absolute Radio 326 13 tx 7.0 Com rock Alb CRI - China R. Int. 500 Fllake 4.5 FS, also R.Tirana, VoA, carrier about 1214.85 kHz 1224 Spa COPE 40 7 tx 15.0 Com/Loc 1233 Cze Radio Dechovka 20 5 tx 5.5 Com nat oldies, 100 kW? Gbr Absolute Radio 1.6 6 tx 6.4 Com rock 1242 Gbr Absolute Radio 2 4 tx 6.2 Com rock Irn Radio Iran 50 Zanjan, nw NB 1251 Hng MR4 25 Nyiregyhaza/Szombathely NB, Loc "Nyiregihazi Regionalis Studio", mn "Nemzetisegi Adasok", echoes, 05-21 UTC *Irn Radio Iran 100 Kiashar, n NB *Gbr Smooth Radio 0.8 Bury St.Edmunds, eEng Com 1260&Spa SER 10 Murcia / Algeciras, s 8.0 Com &Gbr Absolute Radio 0.5 Guildford, se 6.3 Com &Gbr Smooth Radio 2 Bristol, Farndon Com old &Gbr Sabras Radio 0.3 Leicester, nwEng Loc Com Asian &Cva R.Vatican 5 Vatican City 6.3 NB 1269 Spa COPE 15 Zamora / Badajoz Com news *Uae Radio Asia 200 Rasal Com Malayalam 1278:Ukr Persha Program UR1 100 Petrivka, s 9.5 NB 18-21 Irn Radio Kermanshah 200 Karmanshah, w PB &Gbr Pulse 2 0.4 Bradford, cEng 6.5 Loc Com 1287 Spa SER 14 R.Lerida / R.Lugo /R.Burgos 7.0 Com news, long echo 1296 Spa COPE Valencia 20 Valencia, e 8.0 Com &Gbr Radio XL 6 Birmingham, wEng 6.5 Loc Asian 1305 Gbr Premier Radio 1 London 6.5 Com relg Spa RNE Radio 5 55 5 tx 9.0 NB 1314 Rom Antena Satelor 44 Timisoara,nw/Constanza,se 5.0 NB folklore Rom SRR Radio Oltenia 10 Craiova, s 4.8 PB, after 22UTC Spa RNE Radio 5 55 4 tx 10.0 NB 1323 Rom R.Cluj/R.Neumarkt 7 Targu Mures 4.9 PB + German minority service Gbr Smooth Radio 0.5 Brighton, s 6.3 Com old 1332 Cze Dvojka 25 Domamil, se 4.8 NB / relays Rom R.RomaniaActualitati 50 Galati, e NB &Gbr Premier R 0.5 London 6.3 Com relg &Gbr Smooth Radio 0.5 Peterborough 6.5 Com old 1341 Gbr BBC Radio Ulster 100 Belfast, nIrl 6.3 PB mix for NIrl,BBC World Sce at night, some Gaelic newscasts 1350 Ita I Am Radio 1 Milano, n 5.5 Soul/Discofunk inofficial Hng MR4 Nemeszetegi 5 Györ, nw 5.0 NB min, 07-19 UTC :Arm Trans World Radio 1000 Gavar Rel 18-1915 UTC Trans World Radio in Kurd/Turk/Hebr/Rus 1359 Gbr Smooth Radio 1 Chelmsfd sEng, Cardiff Wal 6.3 Com old, 280W listed 1368 Gbr Manx Radio 20 Isle of Man 8.5 PB sen, off at night Gbr BBC R.Lincolnshire 2 Lincoln, eEng + 2 stns 6.5 Loc sen 1377:Arm Trans World Radio 50 Gavar Rel in Farsi/Arab/Kurd 18-21 UTC Ukr Radio Mykolayev 4 Mykolayev, s 12.0/7.0 PB Chn CNR 1 600 Xingyang, w 5.5 NB 1404 Rom Radio Cluj 50 Sighet, n 10.0 PB loc & min Rom R.Romania Actualid. 7 Sibiu, c 9.7 NB Grc ERT Komotinis 50 Komotini, n 4.1 PB 1413 Oma BBC WS / Arabic 1000 Masirah Isl., e FS Gbr Premier Radio 1 London (2 tx) Com relg, 2 kW estimated Gbr BBR R.5/Gloucetersh. 5 Glouceter, wWng 6.1 Loc Spa RNE R.5 20 Jaen,s/Girona,ne/Vigo,nw NB/ Loc 1422 Rom R.Romania Actualitati 7 Ramnicu Valcea, c 9.0 NB Alg Radio Coran/Culture 50 Algiers, n NB 1431:Ukr R.Ukraine Internat. 800 Mykolayev, e 6.0 FS in Rus 16-20 UTC Gbr Smooth Radio 0.5 Southend/ Reading, sEng 6.3 Com Loc *Dji Radio Sawa 600 Djibouti 7.5 FS arab-pop (USA) 1440 Sau Radio Riyadh 1600 Dammam, e NB, weak mod 1449 Gbr BBC Radio 4 (LW) 2 Aberdeen, eSco 5.2 NB aff &Sau Radio Riyadh 100 Jeddah, w PB 1458:Alb Radio Tirana 500 Vlake, w 6.0 FS Rom R.RomaniaActualitati 50 Constanza, e NB Gbr Lyca Radio 50 London 6.7 Com Asian &Gbr BBC Local Radio 2 Newcastle, neEng a.o. Loc 1467 Fra Trans World Radio 1000 Roumouleles, se 5.2 Rel 20-23 UTC Fra Radio Maria 40 Col de la Madonne, se Rel 05-19 UTC *Irn Radio Qom 100 Qom, w NB, on 1467.3 *Sau Radio Riyadh 50 Riyadh, c PB 1476*Egy Al-Quran 20 Al-Minya,c / Sohag,c NB *Irn Radio Kordestan 20 Marivan, nw PB, on 1476.25 1485 Spa SER 26 4 tx 5.0 Com, Alcoy, Santander, Zamora, Melilla Lva Radio Mercurs 1 Riga, c Com Gbr BBC R.Humberside/R.5 2 Hull, neEng Loc / NB &Gbr BBC R.Merseyside/R.5 1 Liverpool, nwEng Loc / NB &Gbr BBC Sussex 1 Brighton, sEng Loc / NB &Gbr Smooth Radio 1 Newbury, sEng Com old &Ned Haagstad R. 1.1 Den Haag, w Com & several low power stations all over Europe 1494 Mda Radio Moldova Act 60 2 tx NB, Moldova channel 2, one transmitter 70 Hz below 1503 Irn Radio Iran 200 Bushehr, sw NB arab &Gbr BBC R.Stoke/BBC5live 1 Stoke-on-Trent, wEng 6.5 Loc / NB 1512 Grc ERA 100 Chania, Crete, s 4.3 NB *Irn Radio Ardabil 50 Ardabil, nw PB 1521 Sau Radio Riyadh 2000 Duba, nw 9.0 NB Spa SER 2 Castellon Com info Chn China R.Int. 500 Xingjiang, w 10.0 FS in Russian 11-20 / 00-02 UTC 1530 Rom R.RomaniaActualitati 50 Nanauti, n 4.8 NB, power estimated, nominally 14 KW Gbr Pulse 2 0.7 Huddersfield, cEng Com Loc old 1539 Spa SER 4 Elche-Elx / Manresa Com info *Irn Radio Golestan 50 Gorgan, n PB 1548:Mol VoRussia/China R.I. 500 Maiac, c 5.5 FS Gbr Gold 100 London 6.5 Com old &Gbr Forth 2 2.2 Edinburgh, cSco Com Loc + other local stns 1557 Gbr Smooth Radio 1.2 North/Southampton Com 1566 Ned Vahon Hindustani 1 Den Haag, w Ethnic Com Gbr Eagle Extra 0.7 Guildford, se pop (training station for media education) Gbr BBC R.Somerset/5live 0.6 Bristol area, sw Loc / NB Irn IRIB Radio 1 100 Bandar Abbas, s NB 1575 Ita RAI Radio 1 35 Genova, nw 10.0 NB mix Kuw Radio Farda 800 Kuwait 7.5 FS (USA in Farsi for Iran) 1584&Gbr BBC R.Nottingham/R5 1 Clipstone, cEng Loc &Rom R.Micul Samaritean 5 5tx Com rel? &Ned Radio Paradijs 0.1 Utrecht, c 6.5 Loc Com several low power stns all over EU 1593 Fra Bretagne 5 5 St.Brieuc, nw 7.0 Com Jazz/Chanson Rom Radio Cluj 9 Sibiu, s + Oradea, nw 04-19 /Antena Siuliu (only Sibiu)/ min Rom R.Targu Mures/mn 14 Harghita, c 04-19 /mn "Neumarktner Rundfunk" in German Rom R.RomaniaActualitati 14 Calarasi, se weaker than Cluj/Targu Mures Kuw VoA/R.Free Iraq 150 Kuwait 8.0 FS (by USA in Farsi) 1602&Spa SER / Loc 20 Linares/Segovia/Cartagena/Ontinyent Com &Ned KBC 1 Harlingen, ne 5.5 Com &Gbr BBC R.Kent 0.2 Rusthall, se Loc / NB several low power stns all over EU 1610 - 1700 pirate stations from the Netherlands 1610 - 1800 pirate stations from Greece and the Balcan (some also operate in the regular MW range) (powers reach from Milliwatts up to 25 KW. a Greek radio amateur told me that there are at leat 10 stations with more than 5 kW)

Long Wave Radio

153 Rou Antena Satelor/RA 200 Bod NB folklore, 22-05 R.Romania Actualitati 162 Fra (time signal) 1100 Allouis, c time signal without audio (phase modulation) 171*Mrc Medi 1 2000 Nador, ne 9.0 Com 183 Ger Europe 1 2000 Saarbruecken,sw 5.0 Com for France, transmitter beaming sw 189 Isl RAS 1 300 Gufuskalar, nw 9.8 NB 198 Gbr BBC Radio 4 (LW) 600 Birmingham, wEng + 2 tx Sco 4.7 NB aff 207 Isl RAS 1 120 Eidar, e 9.8 NB 216 Fra RMC Info 1400 Marseille, se 7.5 Com mix 225 Pol Polskie Radio 1 600 Warszawa, e 6.3 NB mix 234 Lux RTL (French) 2000 Luxembourg 5.3 Com pop 243:Den DR Kalundborg 50 Kalundborg, e Sh+Sp, only a few 10min-blocks, other times off 252 Alg RTA /3/4 1500 Alger, n 10.5 NB arab, Arabic, French and Int. Sces. Irl RTE 1 150 Dublin, e NB 270 Cze R.Zurnal/Ces.Radio1 50 Brno, e 6.1 NB

Abbreviations and Explanations

* = weak signal / some can only be picked up in the night when the other stations pause & = heavy interference / inferior signal unless you're close to the transmitter : = only a few hours on air # = digital modulation (DRM = Digital Radio Mondiale) - = currently not active / planned tx= transmitter (no of transmitter sites) px= programme //= parallel audio bandwidth: refers to the demodulated AM signal. Some stations reduce treble above an edge frequency. In these cases the first value refers to the full spectrum, the second one refers to the spectrum with full amplitude. All values are based my own spectrum analysis with free SpecLab software and/or the Perseus receiver. Errors and changes are possible. power: in Kilowatts. Powers of single frequency networks were just added together. I know that this is not mathmatically correct (should be about 30-50% less). I'll work it over as soon as I find the time.


Columns:

Types of broadcasters:

Formats:

Countries:

Alb=Albania Alg=Algeria Arm=Armeniad Aus=Austria Bel=Belgium Bih=Bosnia and Hercegovina Blr=Belorussia Bul=Bulgaria Cro=Croatia Cze=Czech Republik Dnk=Denmark Egy=Egypt Est=Estonia Far=Faroe Islands Fin=Finland Fra=France Gbr=Great Britain & Northern Ireland Ger=Germany Grc=Greece Hng=Hungary Ind=India Irl=Ireland Irn=Iran Isl=Iceland Ita=Italy Lib=Libya Ltu=Lithuania Lux=Luxemburg Lva=Latvia Mco=Monaco Mda=Moldavia Mgo=Montenegro Mkd=Macedonia Ned=Netherlands Nor=Norway Oma=Oman Pol=Poland Por=Portugal Qua=Quatar Rom=Romania Rus=Russia Sau=Saudi-Arabia Ser=Serbia Spa=Spain Svk=Slovakia Svn=Slovenia Swe=Sweden Swi=Switzerland Syr=Syria Tur=Turkey Uae=United Arab. Emirates Ukr=Ukraine Vat=Vaticane
Local stations should be completely included for Germany, France, Austria, Switzerland, and the Benelux



Introduction


Surf the Medium Wave ! You can travel the world in front of your speaker. This list originally was for people who want to start exploring the medium wave. When it was first pubshed on the internet in 1997, there was much more variety but also a lot of strong interference. More and more stations especially in Central Europe are now switching their transmitters off. Weaker stations from the UK and Spain, even from the Middle East and Iran suddenly appear if you have a good antenna. The list has become more and more comprehensive, also including these weaker stations. The strong ones you'll notice first are bold.

Receivers

Affordable portables for a start

The little Tecsun PL606 offers impressive quality and abilities for only 35 €. It contains a DSP chip that processes the signals like a little computer. FM and SW reception is decent, too. So you can even adjust the bandwidth- a feature usually limited to more expensive communication receivers.

I was also very satisfied with the Grundig Yacht Boy 400- the one with knobs sold in the late 1990s for an equivalent of 140 €. Used models are available on e-bay for about 35 € if you're lucky. Two bandwidths, also LW and even SSB mode (single side band reception for amateur radio and some utility reception). In my short test it beat the Sony ICF7600. The Grundig had better results on MW and a better sound quality.

The Sangean PR3L (€ 90 without shortwave) wasn't tested too bad too. In the USA the solid "GE Super Radio" seems to have a good reputation (about 40 $). You can be lucky with car radios, depending on the antenna and interference by the car's electronics, which is a real issue.

Modern hifi tuners usually dissapoint as far as AM is concerned. Walkmen are not bad. Some radios from the 70ies or older even ones with valves if they still work offer surprising qualities. Maybe your grandma has got one in the attic.

Communications receivers

...are the choice for a bit more dedicated approach to MW. Good receivers usually cost at least about 500 €. Overseas reception on MW will become only possible with the exprensive ones, in combination with an outdoor antenna in an environment free of electric noise.

Software Defined Receivers (SDR)

are even better. They work in combination with a PC or notebook and offer features serious MW listeres must have dreamt about in all these years. You can connect to other receivers around the world via the internet and tune the band there. There is almost no latency. It appears as if the remote antenna was connected to your own device.

The SDR hardware market is rapidly expanding. Look at the Wikipedia list of SDR receivers. You can combine most SDRs with a number of different software solutions. You can start remote listening with the free SDRSpace Console.

My choice is the Perseus receiver with superior audio. There is a trial version of its unique software without hardware: You can also connect to remote Perseus receivers using it. Adjust to any bandwidth and play with sidebands to optimize the results. No filter hardware can reach the capability and flexibility of digital signal processing. Sensitivity can be driven to extremes to detect the weakest carriers from the other side of the world. It is even possible to record the whole MW at once (creating a WAV file with 2 MHz bandwidth). Enthusiasts exchange their files via the internet. So you can get an impression what it is like to listen to MW in America or Australia.

Antennas

Walkmen and transistor radios often have built-in antannas. You can focus the reception directions by turning the whole receiver. If your receiver has an AM antenna plug, connect it with a wire (5 m is good, 100 m is better). If possible, lead that wire through a window to the outside. Sometimes radiators are amazingly good antennas. Put the receiver close to it or connect the wire with it.

If you want to go further I recommend magnetic loop antennas. They cope with noisy environments because they de-emphasize signals which are only a few metres away. And they do not require too much space. The Wellbrook ALA1530 is a loop with 1 m diametre. The results are excellent. Pricing is about 300 €. If the ALA1530 is too large for your indoor setup, AOR has a tinier magnetic loop out: the LA380. Haven't tested it yet. There are many alternatives.

Avoid electric interference

Switch off the PC (if your receiver is no SDR), the TV and the cell phone, and plug off external power supplies because they cause heavy interference. The sound quality on MW practically never reaches FM-sound (though some stations deliver adequate results with an extended bandwidth). When two or more AM-stations (standing for Amplitude Modulation) occupy the same channel, they will be heard simultanously. So listen for the background. This is one major difference to FM where only the superior signal will be heard. Many stations pause with their transmissions in the night. Listening to the clear frequencies can be really exciting then because weaker stations can get through suddenly.

Evening and Nighttime Reception

Darkness leads to strong signals up to 1500 km. So in the night all Europe can be heard. On some channels up to 4 stations appear all at once. Very interesting are the hours around sundown and sunrise.

Daytime reception

In the daytime, only local reception is possible.
Transmitter coverage in accordance to power (kw) during light hours with an average receiver, built-in antenna or 1 m wire in the summer
  kW   Long Wave          700         1500  KHz    
--------------------------------------------------
   0.1        60           30           20      kilometres
   1         100           50           30  
  10         200          100           70 
 100         500          300          150  
1000        1000          500          300  
Over the sea reception is much better.

Very interesting is also short wave. There you can hear all the continents of the world with their foreign services, most of them with English programmes for some hours of the day. On MW you get the national domesic services.

Related links:



Questions? Corrections? Ideas? Comments?
Mail me: mail PeerAxel@aol.com

Disclaimer



Page launch: 04 / 97

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